Taiwan Hikes

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Wildflowers on the Trails in Taiwan

Photos by:  Anusha Lee
There are so many wonderful plants on the trails and in the mountains in Taiwan. Although I'm not a botanist and my main focus is still on the hikes, I still want to share some really special flowers I've found on the trails. You can check out the blog posts about the hikes if you want to know more about the trails.
If you want to know more about the flora in Taiwan, you can follow Trevor's Twitter account or his blog. Trevor is a writer, ecologist, and educator who has been living in Taiwan for years.
I also want to thank Acer Lee, one of my favorite hiking guides from LOHAS, who is a very humble guy and happy to share his profund knowledge of flora and fauna on the trails.
There are also other references I use for this page: 福星花園 (Chinese), 認識植物 (Chinese), and 台灣物種名錄 Catalogue of Life in Taiwan. TaiCol.
For more technical information, please check Database of Native Plant in Taiwan and Plants of Taiwan. Those are recommended by Trevor.
If there is any mistake in the information about those flowers, please don't hesitate to let me know. I apologize for the quality of some images here. I can't stay too long to take photos, especially when hiking with a group. Thank you again for checking out this page.
If you like Taiwan Hikes, feel free to buy me a coffee. Thank you very much for your support!
Peristrophe japonica (Thunb.) Bremek
Chinese Name: 九頭獅子草
Common Name or Scientific Name: Peristrophe japonica (Thunb.) Bremek
Species: Native
Color: White and pink
Photo taken date: September 20, 2020
Silene-glabella
Chinese Name: 南湖大山蠅子草
Common Name or Scientific Name: Silene glabella
Species: Endemic
Color: White
Photo taken date: September 5, 2020
Euphrasia-transmorrisonensis
Chinese Name: 玉山小米草
Common Name or Scientific Name: Taiwan Eyebright, Euphrasia transmorrisonensis
Species: Endemic
Color: White
Photo taken date: September 5, 2020
Swertia-randaiensis
Chinese Name: 巒大當藥
Common Name or Scientific Name: Swertia randaiensis, Bigseed swertia
Species: Native
Color: White
Photo taken date: September 5, 2020
Striped-Abutilon
Chinese Name: 風鈴花, 燈籠花
Common Name or Scientific Name: Striped Abutilon
Species: Introduced
Color: Red
Photo taken: Mt. Zhitan in Wulai
Photo taken date: March 22, 2020
Impatiens uniflora Hayata
Chinese Name: 紫花鳳仙花
Common Name or Scientific Name: Impatiens uniflora Hayata
Species: Endemic
Color: Light purple
Photo taken: Wanrung Forest Trail on 100 Peaks: Mt. Liushun and Qitsai Lake 六順山七彩湖
Photo taken date: January 4, 2021
Thin-petal Raspberry
Chinese Name: 薄瓣懸鉤子
Common Name or Scientific Name: Thin-petal Raspberry
Species: Native
Color: White
Photo taken: Yangmingshan.
Photo taken date: April 30, 2021
Narrow-petaled Hydrangea
Chinese Name: 狹瓣八仙花
Common Name or Scientific Name: Narrow-petaled Hydrangea
Species: Native
Color: White
Photo taken: Yangmingshan.
Photo taken date: April 30, 2021
Earth-silworm Betony
Chinese Name: 地蠶
Common Name or Scientific Name: Earth-silworm Betony
Species: Native
Color: Purple
Photo taken: Mt. Malingjian 瑪陵尖 in Keelung
Photo taken date: April 18, 2021
Liparis formosana
Chinese Name: 寶島羊耳蒜
Common Name or Scientific Name: Liparis formosana
Species: Native
Color: Purple
Photo taken: Mt. Malingjian 瑪陵尖 in Keelung
Photo taken date: April 18, 2021
Taiwan Alpine Rhododendron
Chinese Name: 森氏杜鵑
Common Name or Scientific Name: Taiwan Alpine Rhododendron
Species: Native
Color: White, pink
Photo taken: 100 Peaks Mt. Jyunda 郡大山 in Nantou
Photo taken date: April 11, 2021
Berberis morrisonensis Hayata
Chinese Name: 玉山小蘗
Common Name or Scientific Name: Berberis morrisonensis Hayata, Yushan Barberry
Species: Endemic
Color: Yellow
Photo taken: 100 Peaks Mt. Jyunda 郡大山 in Nantou
Photo taken date: April 11, 2021
Taiwan Pieris
Chinese Name: 台灣馬醉木
Common Name or Scientific Name: Taiwan Pieris
Species: Native
Color: White
Photo taken: 100 Peaks Mt. Jyunda 郡大山 in Nantou
Photo taken date: April 11, 2021
Alpinia Pricei
Chinese Name: 普萊氏月桃
Common Name or Scientific Name: Alpinia Pricei
Species: Endemic
Color: White
Photo taken: Yangmingshan, Taipei
Photo taken date: April 3, 2021
Taipei Climbing Violet
Chinese Name: 台北堇菜
Common Name or Scientific Name: Taipei Climbing Violet
Species: Native
Color: Light purple
Photo taken: Yangmingshan in Taipei, Mt. Ayu 阿玉山 in Yilan. Also can be found in Yangmingshan
Photo taken date: April 3, 2021
Formosan Thistle
Chinese Name: 南國薊
Common Name or Scientific Name: Formosan Thistle
Species: Native
Color: Purple
Photo taken: Yangmingshan, Taipei
Photo taken date: April 3, 2021
East-chinese Many-flowered May-apple
Chinese Name: 八角蓮
Common Name or Scientific Name: East-chinese Many-flowered May-apple
Species: Native
Color: Purple
Photo taken: Huang Creek 璜溪 in Yangmingshan, Taipei (Post coming soon). Also can be found in Hsingchu
Photo taken date: March 28, 2021
Strobilanthes rankanensis Hayata
Chinese Name: 藍崁馬藍
Common Name or Scientific Name: Strobilanthes rankanensis Hayata
Species: Endemic
Color: Purple
Photo taken: Mt. Ayu 阿玉山 in Yilan, Yangmingshan
Photo taken date: March 20, 2021
Formosan Barthea
Chinese Name: 深山野牡丹
Common Name or Scientific Name: Formosan Barthea
Species: Native
Color: White
Photo taken: Mt. Ayu 阿玉山 in Yilan
Photo taken date: March 20, 2021
Asian Mazus
Chinese Name: 通泉草
Common Name or Scientific Name: Asian Mazus
Species: Native
Color: Light purple
Photo taken: Yangmingshan, Taipei, Mt. Ayu 阿玉山 in Yilan. Very common in Taiwan
Photo taken date: March 28, 2021
Zingiber kawagoii Hayata<
Chinese Name: 三奈 (some say it’s 台灣山薑)
Common Name or Scientific Name: Zingiber kawagoii Hayata
Species: Native
Color: Red
Photo taken: Mt. Neipinlin 內平林山, and Wang-zi-shih-keng Old Trail 尪仔石坑古道 in Pingxi. Those are the fruits. Flowers are very difficult to find.
Photo taken date: January 30 and February 7, 2021
Japanese Ophiorrhiza
Chinese Name: 蛇根草
Common Name or Scientific Name: Japanese Ophiorrhiza
Species: Native
Color: White
Photo taken: 金敏子山 Mt. Jinminzi in Sanxia (post coming soon), 阿玉山 Mt. Ayu in Yilan
Photo taken date: January 24, 2021 and March 20, 2021
Salvia nipponica var. formosana
Chinese Name: 黃花鼠尾草
Common Name or Scientific Name: Salvia nipponica var. formosana
Species: Endemic
Color: Yellow
Photo taken date: September 19, 2020
Taiwan-Bicornuta
Chinese Name: 角桐草
Common Name or Scientific Name: Taiwan Bicornuta (Hemiboea bicornuta (Hayata) Ohwi)
Species: Endemic
Color: White with purple dots
Photo taken date: September 19, 2020
Strobilanthes formosanus Moore
Chinese Name: 台灣馬蘭
Common Name or Scientific Name: Strobilanthes formosanus Moore
Species: Endemic
Color: Light purple
Photo taken date: September 19, 2020
Pollia miranda (H. Lev.) Hara
Chinese Name: 小杜若
Common Name or Scientific Name: Pollia miranda (H. Lev.) Hara
Species: Native
Color: White
Photo taken: Mt. Shihniu (Stone Bufflo Mountain) 石牛山, Taoyuan
Photo taken date: August 30, 2020
Adenophora-uehatae_20200905
Chinese Name: 台灣油點草
Common Name or Scientific Name: Taiwan Toadlily
Species: Endemic
Color: Purple
Photo taken date: November 14, 2020
Adenophora-uehatae_20200905
Chinese Name: 韭蘭
Common Name or Scientific Name: Rosepink Zephyrlily, Red zephyr lily
Species: Introduced
Color: Pink
Photo taken: Zhuilu Old Trail
Photo taken date: November 15, 2020
Striate-Acanthephippium-20200418
Chinese Name: 一葉鍾馗蘭, 一葉罈花蘭
Common Name or Scientific Name: Striate Acanthephippium
Species: Native
Color: White
Photo taken date: April 18, 2020
tung-tree-flowers
Chinese Name: 油桐花
Common Name or Scientific Name: Tung tree, Tung Oil Tree
Species: Introduced species
Color: White
Photo taken: 烏桶縱走 Mt. Wulai to Mt. Datong. Very common in Taiwan in spring.
Photo taken date: April 18, 2020
Alisan-gentian-20200725
Chinese Name: 阿里山龍膽
Common Name or Scientific Name: Alisan Gentiana
Species: Endemic
Color: Purple
Photo taken date: July 25, 2020
Shortia exappendiculata Hayata-20200725
Chinese Name: 裂緣花
Common Name or Scientific Name: Shortia exappendiculata Hayata
Species: Endemic
Color: White
Photo taken date: July 25, 2020
Calanthe-sylvatica-Thouars-Lindl-20200816
Chinese Name: 長距根節蘭
Common Name or Scientific Name: Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl.
Species: Native
Color: Pink or dark pink
Photo taken: Mt. Liwu 立霧山. Also can be found in Mt. Badaoer 拔刀爾山, Wulai.
Photo taken date: August 16, 2020
Triplicate-Calanthe-20200809
Chinese Name: 白鶴蘭
Common Name or Scientific Name: Triplicate Calanthe,White Crane Orchid
Species: Native
Color: White
Photo taken date: August 9, 2020
Common-Melastoma-20200530
Chinese Name: 野牡丹
Common Name or Scientific Name: Common Melastoma
Species: Native
Color: Pink
Photo taken: Tamsui-Kavalan Historical Trail, mid-section. Also can be found in other places.
Photo taken date: May 30, 2020
Indian-Pipe-20200725
Chinese Name: 水晶蘭
Common Name or Scientific Name: Indian Pipe, Corpse Plant, Convulsion Root, Pinesap
Species: Native
Color: White
Photo taken: 100 Peaks: Mt. Baigu 白姑大山. Also can be found in other places.
Photo taken date: July 25, 2020
Adenophora-uehatae_20200905
Chinese Name: 玉山沙參, 台灣沙參
Common Name or Scientific Name: Adenophora uehatae, Taiwan Ladybell
Species: Endemic
Color: Purple
Photo taken: 100 Peaks: Mt. Dabajian 大霸尖山. Also can be found on Zhuilu Old Trail
Photo taken date: September 5, 2020
Cirsium-kawakamii Hayata_20200905
Chinese Name: 塔塔加薊
Common Name or Scientific Name: Cirsium tatakaense
Species: Endemic
Color: White
Photo taken: 100 Peaks: Mt. Dabajian 大霸尖山. Also can be found in other high mountains.
Photo taken date: September 5, 2020
This flower also appears on the banknote of NT$1,000. More about this flower
Gaultheria itoana Hayata, Taiwan Gaultheria
Chinese Name: 高山白珠樹
Common Name or Scientific Name: Gaultheria itoana Hayata, Taiwan Gaultheria, Borneo Winter Green
Species: Native
Color: White
Photo taken date: September 5, 2020
Dianthus pygmaeus Hayata
Chinese Name: 玉山石竹
Common Name or Scientific Name: Dianthus pygmaeus Hayata
Species: Endemic
Color: Pink
Photo taken date: September 5, 2020
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