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Yangmingshan Series: A Complete Guide of Trails at Yangmingshan National Park and Public Transport

Posted by:  Anusha Lee
Published date: May 13, 2023
Last update: June 08, 2024
Immerse yourself in the natural wonders of Yangmingshan National Park, and discover one of the most accessible national parks in the world! A mere 1-hour bus ride from downtown Taipei City will transport you to various trailheads, unveiling breathtaking sceneries and remarkable adventures. Unravel the park's rich history, explore lesser-known trails off the beaten path, and uncover the ones that offer extraordinary experiences.
Yangmingshan Nation Park
The view I saw from Mt. Datun. The tallest building is Taipei 101.
This ongoing project is a gateway to a multitude of hiking routes, ensuring there's always something new to explore in Yangmingshan. Get ready to embark on an unforgettable journey, and stay tuned as we continuously update the links below with new and exciting posts! Adventure awaits in Yangmingshan National Park - don't miss this opportunity to explore its beauty and bounty!
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Loooking at Mt. Qixing (aka Mt. Cising) Main Peak and East Peak from Qingtiangang.
Taiwan Hikes is an affiliated partner of HolaTaipei.

Table of Contents:

About Yangmingshan National Park and Active Volcano

Yangmingshan National Park, located at the northern edge of Taipei Basin, is one of the nine national parks in Taiwan. Yangmingshan is surrounded on the north by Mt. Zhuzi 竹子山, on the east by Mt. Huangzui 磺嘴山 and Mt. Wuzhi 五指山, on the south by Mt. Shamao 紗帽山, and on the west by Mt. Honglu 烘爐山 and Mt. Miantian 面天山 (part of Datun Volcano Group). Mt. Huangzui is the biggest volcano crater at Yangmingshan.
Map from Yangmingshan Nation Park website
A map from Yangmingshan National Park.
The area of Yangmingshan, 11,334 hectares (28,007 acres), covers many districts of Taipei City and New Taipei City, and the altitude ranges from 200 to 1,120 meters above sea level. The highest mountain at Yangmingshan, also in Taipei City, is Mt. Qixing 七星山, 1,120 meters above sea level.
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Mt. Qixing or Cising Main Peak, 1,120 meters above sea level.
In Chinese, Shan literally means mountain. Thus, Yangmingshan is Yangming Mountain. Actually, you will NOT find any mountain at Yangmingshan National Park called Yangming Mountain. Yangmingshan, Caoshan 草山, or Grass Mountain, is a general name that refers to Mt. Datun, Mt. Qixing, and Mt. Shamao.
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Looking at Mt. Shamao from Mt. Jiantan
However, there is a Caoshan or Grass Mountain near Mt. Canguanliao 燦光寮山 in Ruifang 瑞芳.

Volcanic Activities at Yangmingshan:

Sitting on the Pacific Ring of Fire, experiencing constant earthquakes is a part of daily life for people who call Taiwan home.
The landforms at Yangmingshan are shaped by the Datun Volcano Group 大屯火山群. According to Yangmingshan National Park, Datun Volcano Group was most active between 800,000 and 600,000 years ago.
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Frequent eruptions occurred at Mt. Ding Huo Qiao, aka Mt. Jhongfuzhih 丁火巧山 or 中幅子山 (471 meters), around 2.8 to 2.5 million years ago.
Mt. Zhuzi 竹子山, Mt. Qixing, Mt. Huangzui, and Mt. Xiaoguanyin 小觀音山 frequently erupted between 800,000 and 300,000 years ago.
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Mt. Xiaoguanyin
Then, only Mt. Honglu and Mt. Miantian erupted frequently, and Mt. Shamao was formed. After that, Datun Volcano Group became dormant.
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Mt. Qixing East Peak
It is said that the last eruption of Datun Volcano Group was 6,000 years ago.

A Dormant or Active Volcano?

So, is Datun Volcano Group an active or a dormant volcano? According to the latest study by Taiwan Volcano Observatory, Datun is still an active volcano. You can read BBC: How Taipei discovered an active volcano on its doorstep for details.
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Steam coming fron Xiaoyoukeng

Yangmingshan Geologic Features and Landscapes

Therefore, it's not surprising that volcano eruptions have heavily influenced the spectacular landscapes and terrains at Yangmingshan Nation Park in the past.
You will find crater at the top of Mt. Huangzui 磺嘴山, also the largest crater at Yangmingshan,
Yangmingshan Nation Park
The crater at the top of Mt. Huangzui
fumaroles spewing sulfur and steam at Xiaoyoukeng 小油坑,
Yangmingshan Nation Park
You will find fumaroles from Xiaoyoukeng to Mt. Qixing.
or dome-shaped Mt. Miantian and Mt. Shamao caused by the lava.
Yangmingshan Nation Park
The distinct dome shape of Mt. Miantian and the reflectors on the top

Brief History of Caishan or Mt. Grass, the Old Name of Yangmingshan

Politically, the history of Yangmingshan (used to be called Caoshan) can be traced back to the Kangxi Emperor 康熙皇帝 of the Qing Dynasty.
  1. Qing Dynasty: Many migrants from Fujian Province 福建 came to Caoshan to harvest sulfur and Dajing 大菁 (indigo made from Mayflower Glorybower). During that time, those were the most profitable materials in Taiwan.
  2. In 1923: the Japanese Crown Prince Hirohito 裕仁太子 (later Emperor Hirohito 昭和天皇) set off on a 12-day trip to Taiwan. Many infrastructure developments, including highway, electricity, hot spring facilities, Grass Mountain Chateau 草山行館 or Grass Mountain Royal Residence, started since then, which laid the foundation of Yangmingshan.
    There is a steel, Crown Prince Memorial (Stele) 太子碑, on the trail to Mt. Xiangtian from Qingtian Temple 清天宮 in Beitou. The Beitou people set it up to commemorate Crown Prince Hirohito's visit to Taiwan.
  3. In 1924: the Japanese government started a 10-year project of forestation at Mt. Datun, which changed the flora at Yangmingshan. If you hike on Mt. Din (Dinshan) 頂山 Trail, you will enter a forest of Japanese Cedar Trees from an open grassland. This forest was the result of the forestation project.
    Yangmingshan Nation Park
    Japanese Cedar Trees on Shitilin Trail
    The Japanese government also established a ranch at Qingtiangang 擎天崗, raising buffaloes. During prime time, the number of buffaloes reached more than 1,000. With the decline of animal husbandry, the number of buffaloes sharply dropped. Most of them ended up feral buffaloes, breeding, roaming, and grazing freely at Qingtiangang.
    Yangmingshan Nation Park
    Feral buffaloes have become part of Yangmingshan, but please keep a distance from them for your own safety.
  4. In 1935: the Japanese government started the idea of establishing Mt. Guanyin and Mt. Datun as Datun National Park. This was the first plan to transform Yangmingshan into a national park. The project was brought to a halt due to World War II.
  5. In 1949: Grass Mountain Chateau, the guest house of Taiwan Sugar Corporation to host the Japanese Crown Prince Hirohito, became the presidential residence of the then-president, Chiang Kai-shek 蔣介石.
  6. In 1950: Grass Mountain was officially renamed Yangmingshan.
  7. In 1985: Yangmingshan National Park was born.
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Crown Prince Memorial (Stele)

Hire Me to Plan Your Hike!

Tackling the intricacies of permit applications and deciphering public transport routes in Taiwan can be daunting. We're here to make your hiking adventure hassle-free.
Our service takes care of all the nitty-gritty details, from permit applications to transportation arrangements, weather reminders, and more. Let us handle the complexities, so you can focus on the breathtaking trails and unforgettable experiences. Visit our commission page or click the button below for all the details.

Exploring Yangmingshan: Public Transport Tips, Free Download, and Accommodation

There is daily traffic control on Yangde Boulevard, especially during blossom seasons. Therefore, taking public transport is recommended. However, transferring to Yangmingshan can be a hassle, not to mention there are so many trailheads. It's confusing for local Taiwanese hikers to understand, too.
Bus 108 at Yangmingshan Stop is the main route to most trailheads. Here's an infographic of transferring buses from 3 MRT stations to Yangmingshan Stop and the most popular attractions.
You can download the free Yangmingshan bus guide with the locations of bus stops if you need to save it in your phone. Click the image below to download the guide.
If you want the details of all the buses, please check out Yangmingshan National Park's page. Expect long queues at those bus stops, especially on the weekends.

Things to See on the Trails at Yangmingshan

There are so many amazing things to see at Yangmingshan. Here are some of them I saw on the trails over the years:
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Beautiful trails. This is Japanese Trail near Qingtiangang.
sunrise and sunset,
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Sun was setting when I was near Mt. Datun South Peak.
sea of clouds,
Yangmingshan Nation Park
I took the previous video and saw this at Mt. Datun Main Peak.
blossoms all year round,
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Cherry blossoms at 42 Lane, Pingjing Street
silver grass in autumn,
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Silver grass in autumn
historical relics, old trails and more.
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Pond for sulfur extracting in the past
If the weather is cold enough, you can see snow, too. It snowed again on January 23, 2024.
It snowed at Datun Main Peak on January 23, 2024.

Trail Systems and Popular Routes at Yangmingshan

I made this list based on Yangmingshan National Park's website. There are 16 official trails at Yangmingshan, but the actual number is more than 16.
Local hiking groups develop many routes, and you can make your own routes, too. However, if you are new to Yangmingshan, please stay on the footpaths.
My friend Acer Lee, who is a bilingual hiking guide, knows all the trails at Yangmingshan by heart. Sometimes he will let Cris from HolaTaipei Travel and I tag along to explore the trails.
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Acer, Cris and I in front of Qingshan Waterfall
I don't put all the routes here because those are easy to navigate by following the footpaths. You will see the difficulty levels rating from 1 star as the easiest trail and 5 stars as the most difficult one.
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Shanhuang River tracing is a challenging hike.
I've done most of the trails here and will update the links when the posts are ready to publish.
I hiked to Cuicui Valley twice.

Qixingshan (Mt. Qixing) Series

  1. Mt. Qixing Main Peak and East Peak Trail, Plus Dinosaur Kissing Stone, Mt. Ketagalan 凱達格蘭山 (Qixing Zhui 七星錐), and Xiaoyoukeng 小油坑. Difficulty level: trail difficulty
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Mt. Qixing Main Peak. Expect the crowd.

Datunshan (Mt. Datun) Series

  1. Mt. Datun Main Peak, South Peak, West Peak to Qingtian Temple. Difficulty level: trail difficulty
  2. Mt. Miantian, Mt. Xiangtian, and Xiangtian Crater Pool (or Pond) 向天池 Difficulty level: trail difficulty
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Xiangtian Crater Pool after flood from the distance.

Qingtiangang Series

  1. Jinbaoli Trail 金包里大路 (Yulu Historic Trail north section 魚路古道北段), Japanese Trail 日人路 (finished the hike, post coming soon.) Difficulty level:trail difficulty
  2. Mt. Din (Dingshan) 頂山 to Mt. Shiti Trail 石梯嶺 (finished the hike, post coming soon.) Difficulty level: trail difficulty
  3. Other Old Trails like Neishuangxi Old Trail 內雙溪古道 and Dutch Old Trail 荷蘭古道
The gate to Jinbaoli Trail near Qingtiangang

Zhuzishan Series

Most areas of Zhuzishan or Mt. Zhuzi, Bamboo Mountain 竹子山 belong to the military, and hikers are not allowed to enter.
  1. The Biggest Waterfall at Yngmingshan: Hike to Alibang Waterfall 阿里滂瀑布 from Qingshan Waterfall 青山瀑布 (finished the hike, post coming soon.) Difficulty level: trail difficulty
Yangmingshan Nation Park
The top of Alibang Waterfall

Thru Hikes or Long Distance Hike 縱走 in Chinese

  1. Yangmingshan East to West Thru-Hike, or Yangmingshan East–West Vertical Traverse 陽明山東西大縱走 Difficulty level: trail difficulty
  2. Yangmingshan South to North Thru-Hike 陽明山南北大縱走
Yangmingshan Nation Park
Mt. Datun South Peak and Mt. Miantian in the back

Ecological Protected Areas (Permits Required)

  1. Kujiaokeng Protected Area: Fenglin Waterfall 鹿角坑生態保護區: 楓林瀑布.
  2. Kujiaokeng Protected Area: Mt. Xiaoguanyin 鹿角坑生態保護區: 小觀音山 (Done this hike before but plan to do it again.) Difficulty level: trail difficulty
  3. Mt. Huangzui Protected Area 磺嘴山生態保護區: A Secret River Tracing Trail to Mt. Huangzui and Cuicui Valley. Difficulty level: trail difficulty
Yangmingshan Nation Park
The gate of Mt. Huangzui Protected Area

Other More Challenging Routes

  1. Tam-Kee Crossing Trail (The Tam-Kee Crossing Track from YMS website): Tamsui to Keelung Trail East Section from Qingtiangang to Dawulun in Keelung 淡基橫斷古道東段(擎天崗-大武崙東都大樓)
Yangmingshan Nation Park
It's easy to see rainbows at Yangmingshan.

Essential Gear for Tackling Yangmingshan's Terrain

A Pair of Boots or Shoes with Good Frictions

Navigating Yangmingshan's stone steps or muddy trails demands footwear with unbeatable friction because they are still slippery even when the weather is sunny. While the local hikers resort to rain boots/gumboots/wellies for a grip, this is not for everyone.
Scarpa hiking boots on stone steps
I've seen many people slipping on the stone steps at Yangmingshan.
My favorite hiking boots are Scarpa hiking boots. They provide significant friction against muddy trails and water resistance without compromising the comfortability. They fit my big, wide feet well. These boots give me the confidence to tackle all the trails in Taiwan.

Trekking/Hiking Poles

Since 2017, I've relied on the exceptional performance of Komperdell trekking poles. These poles offer the perfect blend of durability and lightweight design, all while being incredibly budget-friendly.
Scarpa hiking boots and Komperdell trekking poles on the muddy trail
My Scarpa hiking boots and Komperdell trekking poles

Essential Sun Protection: Hat Wearing is a Must.

Related Posts

On Taiwan Hikes

Things to Know before Hiking in Taiwan
The Crater Mountain: Mt. Huangzui
Mt. Datun Main Peak, South Peak and West Peak
The Highest Mountain in Taipei City: Mt. Qixin

English Posts

Yangmingshan Series from Taiwan Trails and Tales
Hiking Trails and Footpaths from Yangmingshan National Park
Taiwan Scene: The Ultimate Hiking Guide to Yangmingshan National Park

Posts in Chinese Only

Hiking Biji: Trails at Yangmingshan 健行筆記: 陽明山區域步道
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