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Syakaro Historic Trail: A Hike with History, Suspension Bridges and Fall Foliage

Posted by:  Anusha Lee
Published date: March 30, 2021
Last update: November 14, 2022
Syakaro Historic Trail, aka Xiakelo Historic Trail, is the most popular hike to see the beautiful fall foliage in Taiwan. Besides its unique nature, this trail used to have an enormous amout of outposts during the Japanese Occupation. So if you are looking for a trail full of history, views, and stunning landscapes near Hsinchu, this one is for you.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Syakaro Historic Trail
Due to typhoons and heavy rains, some Syakaro or Xiakelo Historic Trail sections might be closed. Please check Forestry Bureau's website to make sure the trail is open before you go.

Table of Contents:

About Syakaro Historic Trail: The First National Trail in Taiwan

Syakaro or Xiakelo Historic Trail (I'll use Syakaro on this post because it's Atayal language) is a trail between Wufeng Township and Jianshi Township in Hsinchu County, Taiwan. It is also the first National Trail (Chinese) finished and opened to the public in 2003 and attracted many hikers to witness the beauty and history of Syakaro. However, when Typhoon Mindulle struck Taiwan in 2004, the floods and landslides destroyed this trail, and Syakaro was closed again.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Yoro Trailhead of Syakaro Historic Trail
In December 2018, it was finally opened to the public again and became one of Taiwan's most famous historic trails.
Syakaro means Formosan Michelia 烏心石 in the Atayal language, and there were a lot of these trees near the headwater of the Touqian River 頭前溪 in this area. Around 250 years ago, a group of Atayal people moved here, and this tribe was named after Syakaro.

A Trail with the Highest Outpost Density to Control Atayal People

According to Xu Rulin, the author of A Story of the Xiakalo Historic Trail, the total length of Syakaro was 49.2 km (30.6 miles). Nowadays, the north and south sections of the trail have been transformed into modern roads. So, the total length of the Syakaro Historic Trail is only 22 km (13.7 miles).
A great book to learn more about the stories in Syakaro
Like Zhuilu Old Trail, Syakaro Historic Trail was also paved by blood. During the Japanese Occupation, the Japanese government used this trail to suppress the indigenous people, Atayal, which ignited two Syakaro Incidents 霞喀羅事件.
According to Dr. Lee Ruizong 李瑞宗, there were 25 outposts built on the trail to repress Atayal People, almost one outpost every 2 km, which made Syakaro have the highest outpost density among the trails during that time. Now, most outposts are gone, and very few are well-preserved.
Syakaro Historic Trail
History of indigenous Atayal people

From Syakaro Trail to Mt. Dabajian and the Holy Ridgeline

In August 1927, a group of Japanese hikers with their indigenous Atayal guides started from Syakaro Trail. They took several Cautionary Paths/Security Paths (this is the translation I saw on the signs, but I think it means Security Paths) 警備道路 and reached Madala River Trailhead 馬達拉溪登山口, which is the trailhead to Mt. Dabajian 大霸尖山 today.
Madara River and bridge
The trailhead to Mt. Dabajian over Madala River
Those Japanese hikers successfully reached the top of Mt. Dabajian (which is not allowed now). However, Mt. Dabajian was deemed a sacred mountain in Atayal culture, those Atayal guides only stayed at the base.
Dabajian Mountain in Taiwan
Mt. Dabajian, 3,492 meters (11,456 feet) above the sea level
When one of the Japanese hikers, Numai Tetsutaro 沼井鐵太郎, reached Mt. Yizhe 伊澤山 3,297 meters (10,817 feet) and looked at the spectacular ridgeline from Mt. Xue to Mt. Dabajian, he acclaimed this ridgeline as Holy Ridge (aka Shengleng Trail) 聖稜線. This is where the Holy Ridge came from and climbing the Holy Ridge has become a hikers' dream ever since.
Morning view of Zhongbaping to Mt. Dabajian
The Holy Ridgeline in Taiwan

How to Get There and How to Plan Your Hike

There is no public transport to get to either trailhead. No buses are allowed to get to the trailheads. You either hire a van with a driver to take you to one of the trailheads and wait for you to finish at the other, or have a group of friends driving two cars and hike from both ends and exchange the car keys in the middle.

Do the Hike in One Day

AIf you are fit, doing this trail in one day is doable. To make this hike easier, please start from Shihlu Trailhead.

Do the Hike in Two Days and Carry Your Meals and Gear

Most hikers will camp at Baishih Outpost 白石駐在所, and you will find toilets there. However, please take the used toilet paper with you, and DON'T camp inside the old building. It's NOT allowed to camp inside the building. But as you can imagine, it's very crowded at Baishih Outpost, and it was like a tent city when I was there.
Syakaro Historic Trail
History about Baishih Outpost

Do the Hike in Two Days BUT Hire Porters to Carry Things for You

If you don't want to carry your own food, tents, and sleeping bags, you can hire porters to help you.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Our group hired porters to carry gear and food for us.

Peaks and Places to Reach

Shihlu Trailhead: 石鹿登山口, 1,677 meters (5,502 feet), starting at 0 km
Rope Suspension Bridge: 繩索吊橋, at 9 km
Syakaro Suspension Bridge: 霞喀羅吊橋, at 10 km
Baishih Outpost, old name Sakayachin Outpost: 白石駐在所 or 薩克亞金駐在所, 1,629 meters (5,534.5 feet), at 12 km. Sakayachin is Atayal language meaning grindstone. Baishih in Chinese means white stone, literally.
Baishih Suspension Bridge: 白石吊橋, built in 1921, at 13 km
Yoro Trailhead: 養老登山口, 1,240 meters (4,068.2 feet), at 22 km. Yoro in Atayal language means a plank to prevent mice from getting inside the buildings.

Day 1: A Trail with Many Beautiful Suspension Bridges

Distance: 12.3 km (7.6 miles)
Brief itinerary: Shihlu Trailhead (Height 1,677 meters) ➔ Syakaro Suspension Bridge (Height 60 meters) ➔ Baishih Outpost (Height 1,629 meters)
GPS coordinates of Shihlu Trailhead: 24.561246, 121.169258
We started from Shihlu Trailhead 石鹿登山口 near Qingquan 清泉 at 10:46 am. Shihlu Trailhead is usually the one you start if you want to do the whole trail because you will hike downhill mostly from here. You'll find many signs and maps telling you the history and information you need to know on this trail.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Unless you only do half of the trail, most people will start from Shihlu Trailhead.
If you need to go to the toilet, there is one at 1.2 km.
Syakaro Historic Trail
This is the only man-made toilet before you reach Baishih Outpost.
The trail terrain was relatively flat and easy to hike. We were accompanied by tall and slender Japanese Cedar Trees. It was pretty relaxing to walk there. It was a little bit cloudy when we started the hike, but we still could see beams of sunlight seeping into the woods.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Beams of sunlight mixed with fog on the trail
This trail is well marked, and you'll find the millage marks in increments of one kilometer.
Syakaro Historic Trail
This trail is well-marked.

Beautiful Fall Foliage and Sea of Clouds

Autumn is the high season to hike the Syakaro Historic Trail because of fall foliage. I didn't get to see much of it, but it was still a delight to see some bright red leaves dancing among the trees.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Because we started the hike late, we stopped soon to take a lunch break. So, I took a spot facing the slope. At first, all I could see were trees and clouds.
Syakaro Historic Trail
A relaxing view to enjoy my lunch
Suddenly, I saw parts of the blue sky appearing in the distance. I put down my lunch, rushed to the edge of the slope, and waited.
Syakaro Historic Trail
The vibrant colors with the sea of clouds and blue sky were worth waiting for.
After the lunch break, we continued to hike. Our guides told us there was a bypass to avoid the dangerous ridge section. I saw ropes circling the dangerous cliff, and a sea of clouds rose from the valley! I reached the rope area, carefully not to step on the loose slope, and took photos.
Syarako Historic Trail - sea of clouds
Watch out for the cliff when you try to take photos here.
Syarako Historic Trail - sea of clouds
The peak on the right is Mt. Maibilai 麥巴來山, 2,113 meters (6,932.4 feet), and it's a challenging trail to hike.
After the ridgeline, we were back in the woods again. Inside the woods, the mist floated on the trail, which made the trail look mystic.
Syakaro Historic Trail
This section was downhill and very flat.

Stone Bearing Walls Left by Old Outposts and Beautiful Suspension Bridges

Then we saw some walls and signs about what those walls were. Those were stone-bearing walls left from Hanheno Outpost 楢山 (青山) 駐在所, 1,980 meters (6,496 feet), during the Japanese Occupation.
We took a break at Hanneno Outpost.
The trail became rugged after this but still manageable. Suddenly, we stopped. It turned out that we had reached the first suspension bridge, the Rope Suspension Bridge 繩索吊橋. There were so many hikers on the trail, and it wasn't a surprise we had traffic jams. It took us 10 minutes to cross the bridge.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Traffic jam on the trail
Syakaro Historic Trail
This is a very narrow bridge and only one person can pass.
After 15 minutes, we saw another outpost remains, Asahi Outpost 朝日駐在所. I didn't see anything left from the old outpost, but I saw tents set up by hikers.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Some hikers camp near Asahi Outpost.
If you plan to camp at Baishih Outpost and need more water, you will find a water source around 5 minutes after Asahi Outpost. The water was clean, and I drew about 1L with my water filter.
Syakaro Historic Trail
The only water source before reaching Baishih Outpost
After another 10 minutes, we reached Syakaro Suspension Bridge, our second one on the day.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Syakaro Suspension Bridge, slightly wider than the previous one.

Arrived at Baishih Outpost 白石駐在所

Within 20 minutes, I saw a lot of tents on the trail, which reminded me of my hike to Songluo Lake. We had arrived at our campsite, Baishih Outpost, 1,629 meters (5,534.5 feet) after passing the 11 km sign.
Syakaro Historic Trail
A tent city at Baishih Outpost
Please note that Baishih Outpost is an ancient building; please don't camp inside it. You'll find toilets at Baishih Outpost, but please remember to take toilet paper with you.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Baishih Outpost is the most well-preserved one on Syakaro Historic Trail.

Day 2: Very Easy and Downhill Hike to the Other Trailhead

Distance: 10.4 km (6.4 miles)
Brief itinerary: Baishih Outpost (Height 1,629 meters) ➔ Baishih Suspension Bridge ➔ Mawan Outpost (Height1,460 meters) ➔ Yoro Trailhead (Height 1,240 meters)
GPS coordinates of Yoro Trailhead: 24.589243,121.253694
The next day, my hiking mates told me they saw a beautiful starry sky when getting up in the middle of the night. I knew we might see that but having so many hikers around put off my desire to see the sky.
Syakaro Historic Trail
I still carried my tarp and tent.
I was not surprised when the whole Baishih Outpost looked like a traditional market in Taiwan 菜市場, a metaphor to describe the crowded places.
Syakaro Historic Trail
People mountain people sea

Baishih Suspension Bridge with Wider Bridge Hangers

The trail after Baishih Outpost was mainly downhill. After 40 minutes, we reached Baishih Suspension Bridge. Unlike the previous ones, the gaps among those bridge hangers were much more expansive. This one may be difficult if you are not comfortable with the height.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Baishih Suspension Bridge
Syakaro Historic Trail
Walking on Baishih Suspension Bridge might be scary if you don't like height.

The Eroded Trail with Log-ladders Hanging

After crossing the bridge, there was a junction, and we took the one on the left and went downhill. Then, we went up again on several long log ladders. In Taiwan, you will find trails paved with concrete, planks, pebbles, or materials taken from nearby surroundings.
Syakaro Historic Trail
We took the left and went dowhill at this junction.
We took a left and went downhill at this junction. Those log ladders were phenomenal because the dirt underneath the ladders was washed away. However, those ladders remained hanging, making climbing on them more difficult.
Syakaro Historic Trail
A fun ladder to climb.

Reached to the Section Where Motorbikes Could Ride

After the hanging ladders and some slightly rugged terrains, we reached 13 km, which some motorbikes could go. From there, the trail was very flat and almost downhill.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Those were porters' motorbikes.
You'll find the sign of Takegami Outpost 武神駐在所 around 14 km, but the building is nowhere to be found. Then I saw a small bridge over Sakeyachin Creek (aka Baishih Creek) 薩克雅金溪/白石溪, which originated from the north of Mt. Dabajian.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Overlooking Sakeyachin Creek

Beautiful Makino Bamboo Woods

After the bridge, I reached a section with an open view of mountains from a distance.
Syakaro Historic Trail
One of my favorite spots on this trail.
Within a few minutes, I arrived at the Bamboo Landscape. The Makino Bamboo is so tall and beautiful that it has become one of the landmarks of Syakaro Historic Trail.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Passing bamboo woods when you get closer to the Yoro Traihea side.
Inside the bamboo woods, there was Mawan Outpost 馬鞍駐在所. This outpost was named after an Atayal man who was first here to cultivate the land. Nothing much left here, either. We took a one-hour break at Mawan Outpost.
Syakaro Historic Trail
I didn't see any outpost buildings left, but this was a great spot to take a break and enjoy the tranquil surrounding.
The trees at Mawan Outpost were tall and gorgeous. The clouds and blue sky in the background made those trees even more spectacular.
Syakaro Historic Trail
The green and yellow leaves went so well with the clouds and blue sky.

Tarakkis Outpost with A Mysterious Sign Saying Chestnut Garden

Then we found the last outpost we could see before reaching Yoro Trailhead, Tarakkis Outpost 塔拉卡斯駐在所. According to the sign, this place was home to one of the Atayal tribes, Tarakkis, which means millet in the Atayal language.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Tarakkis, nothing to do with chestnut.
However, the sign said "Tarakkis-the Chestnut Garden." I have no idea where chestnut came from. So I Google and found an online forum in 2019 saying the Forestry Bureau, in charge of this trail, said this was a mistake made by the supplier, and they would correct it. Well, it's still there…
The mistake came from the Chinese fonts, a typo. The Chinese character of millet is 粟, and the pronunciation is SU. The Chinese of chestnut is 栗, and the pronunciation is LI.
It's common to find errors or funny translations on the signs on the trails in Taiwan.
From Tarakkis Outpost, there was 3.7 km left to Yoro Trailhead, and it took 1 hour to get to the trailhead, according to the sign. It took me 50 minutes because I got bored and wanted to return to our bus as soon as possible.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Yoro Trailhead

Thoughts about this Hike and Other Trails Nearby

Several places are worth paying a visit to before the hike.
The first one is Zhang Xueliang Residence 張學良故居. General Zhang Xueliang was the instigator of the 1936 Xi'an Incident and played an essential role in China's modern history. Long story short, he was placed under house arrest by Chiang Kai-shek for five decades, and he spent 13 years in Qingquan, Wufeng.
The second one is Sanmao's Dream House 三毛夢屋. Sanmao (pen name: Echo) 三毛 is a famous writer and translator in Taiwan in the 1970s and 1980s, and her books, especially novels and travelling, have influenced many generations in Taiwan.
I will put Zhang Xueliang Residence and Sanmao's Dream House on the first day's itinerary and do the hike on the second day.
Other than visiting those places, there are peaks I'd like to hike. Mt. Syakaro, aka Mt. Shihlu, 霞喀羅大山 or 石鹿大山, 2,234 meters (7,329.4 feet). There's a Class 3 Triangulation Stone on the peak. The entrance of Mt. Syakaro is at 3.1 km on Syakaro Historic Trail. Unfortunately, I didn't see it when I was on the trail. Mt. Syakaro is also the watershed of Sakeyachin Creek on the east and Syakaro Creek on the west.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Baishih Suspension Bridge
The second mountain I'd like to add to my itinerary is Mt. Bunujiali 布奴加里山, 2,125 meters (6,971.8 feet), and there is also a Class 3 Triangulation Stone on the peak. According to other hikers, the views on Mt. Bunujiali are great. The entrance to this mountain is 16.3 km before reaching Mawan Outpost. But this one is more challenging. The cumulative elevation gain is 1600+ meters.
Syakaro Historic Trail
Bamboo woods near Yoro Trailhead
Have you been to Syakaro? What do you think about those beautiful suspension bridges and outposts? Please leave comments below. Remember to subscribe to newsletters to learn more about Taiwan's exciting trails.

Map and Itinerary

Group Hike or Solo Hike: Group hike with Dudu
Date of Hike: December 19 and 20, 2020

Route map for Syakaro Historic Trail by Anusha Lee on plotaroute.com

Click the Menu in the map to download, print, or share the map.
Click timer to change the speed to meet your condition.
The GPS track is for reference only. This GPS track source is here, and this one goes to Mt. Syakaro.

Day 1: based on my hike on December 19, 2020

10:46 Arrived at Syakaro Shihlu Trailhead
11:06 Reached the toilet at the 0.1km sign
11:36 Reached the 2km sign
11:49 Took a 40-minute lunch break
12:33 Reached the cliff to see the sea of clouds
13:26 Reached the 5km sign, and the trail became very flat
13:48 Saw the first Stone-bearing wall and took a 10-minute break
14:55 Reached Rope Suspension Bridge and it took 10 minutes to pass
15:24 Reached Asahi Outpost at 10k
14:40 Reached Syakaro Suspension Bridge
16:02 Reached Sakayachin (Baishih) Outpost and campsite at 12.2k
Total time: 5 hours 16 minutes, including long breaks

Day 2: based on my hike on December 20, 2020

07:40 Left Baishih Campsite
08:21 Reached Baishih Suspension Bridge
08:26 Arrived at a junction and took the left one
08:39 Reached the eroded log stairs
09:19 Reached the section where motorbikes can reach
09:25 Reached Takegami Outpost
09:33 Reached the 15km sign
09:49 Reached the bridge over Sakeyachin Creek
09:57 Reached Bamboo woods
10:06 Reached Mawan Outpost and Maple Viewing Area at the 15km sign
10:21 Took one hour break
11:28 Reached the 17km sign
11:46 Another Bamboo landscape again
11:51 Reached Tarakkis, the misnamed chestnut garden
12:40 Reached Yoro Trailhead at 22km
Total time: 5 hours, including the one-hour and small breaks

Recommended Blogs and Resources:

Chinese only:
Hiking Biji: 霞喀羅國家步道 Syakaro HisToric Trail
Tony Huang: [新竹尖石].霞喀羅古道(養老段) Syakaro Historic Trail: Yoro Section
霞喀羅古道: local business for hotel, guided tours and meals
新竹五峰: 霞喀羅古道 順登霞喀羅大山、布奴加里山 Syakaro Historic Trail, Mt. Syakaro, and Mt. Bunujiali
陽明山腳下的法蘭克: 新竹縣五峰鄉清泉部落張學良故居-三毛夢之屋-環山步道-天主教堂 Sanmao's Dream House and Zhang Xueliang Residence

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