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Cruising Kaohsiung's Past: Ferry to Cihou Lighthouse & Yancheng's Heritage Walk

Posted by:  Anusha Lee
Published date: January 8, 2024
Join me on a journey as I explore the scenic trails and hidden gems of my hometown, Kaohsiung.
As a native who grew up in Kaohsiung, returning to my hometown always fills me with nostalgia and wonder. Visiting the Kaohsiung Museum of History, the old City Hall, gave me a complete understanding of the past of this port city.
Cihou Lighthouse
Cihou Lighthouse in Cijin, Kaohsiung
While Yancheng's railway tracks echo with stories, the Cihou Lighthouse and Fort are timeless patrols guarding the city's rich heritage.
And nothing feels more like home than savoring flavors from a cherished eatery, a constant in my ever-changing city. Each visit revives my childhood memories as I explore familiar yet ever-evolving streets.
Europe Pie Shop
Europe Pie Shop also feels like my home.
Taiwan Hikes is an affiliated partner of HolaTaipei.

Table of Contents:


Kaohsiung's Historical Heartbeat - Exploring the Kaohsiung Museum of History and the Old City Hall

How to Get There:

Take Kaohsiung Metro (KRTC) and get off at O2 Yanchengpu Station or O4 City Council Station. Walk about 10 minutes to reach the museum.

What to See:

There are several permanent exhibitions, such as the history of Kaohsiung, the rivers of Kaohsiung, the 228 Incident, and the railways of Kaohsiung.
Kaohsiung Museum of History
The building of the Kaohsiung Museum of History is a piece of art.
Besides the exhibitions, this building is beautiful with an imperial crown style, but the interior is elegant and simple.
Kaohsiung Museum of History
The staircase inside the Kaohsiung Museum of History
When you enter, you are greeted by the Y-shaped stairs with a beautiful clock against the wall.
Kaohsiung Museum of History
The beautiful old clock on the stairs
While browsing the old photos, I was delighted to see the old image of Mt. Banping 半屏山.
Mt. Banping's before and after
As a person who grew up in Kaohsiung many years ago, the Kaohsiung Museum of History is still the old city hall to me. In high school, I took a bus at the station nearby for 3 years. However, I have never visited this extraordinary building since it was opened to the public in 1998.

Admission Fee: Free

About Kaohsiung Museum of History 高雄歷史博物館 and Yancheng District 鹽埕區

Originally the Kaohsiung City Hall, inaugurated in September 1939, this building became the Kaohsiung Museum of History in 1998. After serving as the city government's headquarters from 1945 to 1992, it was designated a Kaohsiung City Historic Site in 2004. Discover more at the museum's website.
Kaohsiung Museum of History
Historically known for its salt evaporation ponds, Yancheng District evolved into Kaohsiung's administrative and commercial heart during the Japanese era. By the early 20th century, it resembled Japan's Ginza, buzzing with nightlife and a fusion of Western and Japanese styles.
Although its commercial prominence shifted over time, recent efforts have rejuvenated Yancheng, integrating cultural landmarks like the History Museum and Pier-2 Art Center to celebrate its rich heritage.
Yancheng District's vintage buildings give away its splendid past.

Nearby Attractions:

Love River is right next to the Kaohsiung Museum of History. When I was a kid, Love River was notorious for its smell and pollution. Now, it's getting better and has become a tourist attraction. There are many places to visit around here. Please see the Related Posts below for details.
Love River
Love River now is very different from my childhood memory.

Uncovering Yancheng's Railway Tales and Strolling the British Consulate Residence at Takou via Sizihwan Tunnel

How to Get There:

Take the Kaohsiung Metro Orange Line and get off at O1 Sizihwan Station exit 2. You will see the Takao Railway Museum 舊打狗驛故事館 right away.

What to See:

Whether you are a railway fan or not, this place is worth a visit.
Kaohsiung Railway History
Takao Railway Museum is right next to Exit 2 of Sizihwan Station.

Admission Fee: Free

About the Railway History in Takao Port (Kaohsiung Port):

In 1895, following Japan's rule of Taiwan, significant developments unfolded in transportation infrastructure. The Japanese government spearheaded the construction of the railway system and transformed Takao Port (now Kaohsiung Port) into a bustling commercial hub. This initiative aimed to bolster Taiwan's resource exploitation and industrial growth.
Kaohsiung Railway History
The old railway office is kept the way it was.
The first Takao train station, operational since 1908, was initially located about 1 km north of the current Takao Railway Museum. As the port expanded through dredging and land reclamation, the station moved south, giving rise to 'Hamasen' from the Japanese term for 'shoreline.'
Kaohsiung Railway History
Those items from the old railway are fascinating.
Hamasen, during the Japanese era, emerged as a crucial junction for maritime and land transport, linking passengers to Southeast Asia. The area around Hamasen and Sankuaicuo became a hotbed for industrial activity, marking the start of Taiwan's industrial age.
However, by the 1990s, shifts in labor markets, environmental policies, and globalization led to the relocation of heavy industries overseas, significantly impacting Kaohsiung's industrial sectors. This change, coupled with the rise of highway freight transport, resulted in the decline of railway freight and the eventual dismantling of parts of the port line.
The Kaohsiung City Government proposed repurposing the idle Takao Port Station in 2010. On October 24th, it was revitalized as the Takao Railway Museum, preserving the rich legacy of the Takao Port Station.
Kaohsiung Railway History
Old photos of Kaohsiung Port

About Kaohsiung Port Station North Signal Tower 高雄港車站北號誌樓:

During Japan's rule over Taiwan, major train stations featured signal towers, but today, only four remain. Kaohsiung Port Station's North Signal Tower spared from renovation due to its off-main-line location, stands as Taiwan's sole signal tower with a fully operational interlocking system.
Kaohsiung Railway History
Kaohsiung Port Station North Signal Tower
This unassuming two-story structure is a cultural gem in railway history. Decommissioned in 2008, it's been preserved in its original form, even influencing the Kaohsiung Light Rail's route to accommodate its significance.
Kaohsiung Railway History
The view on the second floor
The North Signal Tower and the Kaohsiung Station building demonstrate the significance of the railway and Kaohsiung history and were registered as historical sites in July 2010, now part of the Takao Railway Museum.
Kaohsiung Railway History
Those staffers on the last shift are still on the blackboard on November 9, 2008.
The North Signal Tower is open only from 10:00 - 18:00 on Saturdays and Sundays and is free to the public.
Kaohsiung Railway History
The operation machines inside the North Signal Tower

Nearby Attractions:

Hamasen Museum of Taiwan Railway 哈瑪星鐵道文化園區: Opening hours: 10:00 to 18:00, Monday to Thursday; 10:00 to 19:00, Friday to Sunday; closed on Tuesdays.
The Kaohsiung Butokuden (or Kaohsiung Wude Martial Arts Center) 高雄武德殿
Kaohsiung Butokuden
Kaohsiung Butokuden (or Kaohsiung Wude Martial Arts Center)
Steeped in history, the Kaohsiung Butokuden, a martial arts training hub, mirrors Taiwan's past under Japanese rule. Originating from Japan's 1895 police system, these Budokans were pivotal in maintaining order.
The Kaohsiung Butokuden, a striking Japanese-style brick building completed in 1924, stands at 36 Dengshan Street, Gushan District. Post-World War II, it transitioned from a police training center to Gushan Elementary School's stewardship, eventually succumbing to neglect. Resurrected in 1999 as a historic site, it underwent a transformative restoration by 2004.
Kaohsiung Butokuden
Sizihwan Tunnel and National Sun Yat-sen University (NSYSU) 國立中山大學
Sizihwan Tunnel and National Sun Yat-sen University
As a small child growing up in Kaohsiung, Sizihwan Tunnel had a unique appeal to me. The tunnel was much darker during that time, and the dim flickering lights added to the creepy atmosphere.
Yet, what awaited after the dark was the campus and the spectacular seashore landscape. Watching the Sizihwan Sunset from the breakwater was one of my favorites when I was young.
Sizihwan is a great place to see sunset, but please be aware of Rouge Waves.
The British Consulate at Takou 打狗英國領事館文化園區(山上園區)
The British Consulate at Takou
The British Consulate at Takou
If you come here long before the sunset, you can't miss the British Consulate at Takou. Before reaching the beautiful building, embrace the steep steps. You can read Foreigners in Taiwan's post about visiting this building.
The British Consulate at Takou
The steps before reaching the British Consulate at Takou
Xiongzhen North Gate (Syongjhen North Gate) 雄掁北門
Formerly known as Shaochuantou Fort 哨船頭砲臺, the Xiongzhen Beimen in Kaohsiung's Gushan District is a historic artillery fort and gate site. Designed by a British engineer and finished in 1876, it once guarded Taokuo Port alongside Cihou Fort.
Xiongzhen North Gate 雄掁北門 near Sizihwan. The walls made by coral stones.
After falling into disuse during Japanese rule, it served as a port signal control station, with its cannons removed and only the curved gun emplacements remaining. Declared a third-grade historic site by Taiwan's Ministry of the Interior in 1985, it is now a designated historic monument of Kaohsiung City.
You can see Cihou Lighthouse from Xiongzhen North Gate

Take A Ferry to Hike - A Journey from Gushan Port to Explore the Cihou Lighthouse and Cihou Fort in Cijin

How to Get There:

Take the Kaohsiung Metro and get off at Sizihwan Station or Kaohsiung Light Rail and get off at the Hamasen Station. Then, walk to Gushan Port to take the ferry. The distance is around 600 meters.

What to See:

Growing up in Kaohsiung, this was my first time visiting Gushan Port, Cihou Lighthouse, and Cihou Fort, and I wondered why it took so long. I wasn't new to Gushan Port, but now it has transformed, and the ferry trip gave me a fresh eye on my hometown.
Gushan Port
Gushan Port
The ferry to Cihou offers spectacular views of the city's skyline, perfect for soaking in the urban landscape. After getting off the ferry, finding the entrance to Cihou Lighthouse took a while, but it was relatively easy.
Cihou Fort
The sign at the entrance.
Several spots on the road to the lighthouse reveal the grand view of the Kaohsiung Port. After finishing the last steps to the lighthouse, I was impressed by the picturesque Cihou Lighthouse. Its charming architecture and location delight history buffs and casual visitors.
Kaohsiung City
Delving into the past at Cihou Fort (Qihou Fort), I could see why this place was a crucial position to defend the old Takou. Besides the rich heritage, these sites blend scenic beauty, architectural elegance, and historical intrigue, making them must-visit destinations in Kaohsiung City.
Cihou Lighthouse
The view from Cihou Port overlooks Cijin Beach and Kaohsiung.

Admission Fees:

The Gushan-Cijin (Qijin) route 鼓山旗津航線: NT$30 per person. It's NT$20 if you swipe an EasyCard or iPass. You can ride your scooter or bike to the ferry, too. Please see Kaohsiung City Shipping Company's website for details.
It's free to visit Cihou Lighthouse and Cihou Port.
Gushan Port
There are several ferry routes at Gushan Port.

About Cihou Lighthouse 旗後燈塔/高雄燈塔:

Standing atop Cihou Mountain in Kaohsiung's Qijin District, Cihou Lighthouse (Qihou Lighthouse), aka the Kaohsiung Lighthouse, is a historic maritime beacon.
Cihou Lighthouse
This 15.2-meter tall, white octagonal structure was originally designed by British engineer John Reginald Harding and built in 1883. It originally featured a Western-style design with a sixth-order fixed light, visible for about ten nautical miles, and equipped with instruments from the UK.
It underwent a Japanese-led reconstruction in 1916, resulting in its current elegant form.
With its picturesque balcony and commanding views, the lighthouse symbolizes the city's rich maritime history and offers a stunning sight of Kaohsiung Harbor.
Cihou Lighthouse
The great view from Cihou Lighthouse

About Cihou Fort 旗后砲台:

Located at the northern tip of Qijin, the Cihou Fort has long been a strategic military site guarding the entrance to Kaohsiung Port. Its military significance dates back to the early Qing dynasty, with fortifications established following the 1874 Mudan Incident.
Cihou Fort
Cihou Fort
Enhancing coastal defenses, the Qing government hired British officer J. W. Harwood to construct the Cihou and Shaochuantou Forts (Xiongzhen North Gate), leveraging the terrain for optimal protection and views.
Cihou Fort
The Cihou Fort was designated a second-level historic site in 1985 and then was upgraded to a national historic site by Taiwan's Ministry of Culture in 2019.
Cihou Fort
The history of Cihou Fort

Nearby Attractions:

The Cihou Tianhou Temple, Cihou Tianhou Temple, or Chijin Mazu Temple 旗后天后宮, 旗津馬祖廟, one of the oldest temples in Kaohsiung City, was established around 1673. Fishermen, adrift during a typhoon, discovered this ideal spot for fishing and settlement. They returned to their hometown, gathered fellow villagers, and relocated here, bringing the revered Mazu, the fisherman's guardian deity, from Meizhou.
The British Consulate at Takou
Cihou Tianhou Temple, or Chijin Mazu Temple
The temple was designated a level three historic site (now a municipal historic site) in 1985. After a three-year restoration completed in 2020, the temple celebrated its re-inauguration on October 16, 2021.
Pier 2 Art Center and Kaohsiung Music Center: Although Pier 2 Art Center and Kaohsiung Music Center are not close to Cijin, they are easy to reach via Kaohsiung Light Rail. Pier 2 Art Center is great for exploring Kaohsiung's artistic spirit. This area is a converted warehouse district now bustling with contemporary art and creativity.
Kaohsiung-light-rail and Pier 2
Kaohsiung Light Rail and Pier 2 Art Center
Within walking distance, you can continue to experience the dynamic rhythms of the Kaohsiung Music Center. These iconic destinations offer a blend of visual and auditory delights, making them essential stops for any art and music lover visiting the city.
Kaohsiung Music Center

A 25-Year Love Affair - Celebrating a Quarter-Century at My Beloved Restaurant - Europe Pie Shop

How to Get There:

Take Kaohsiung Metro Red Line and get off at Sanduo Shopping District Station or R8 三多商圈站.
Or LRT (Kaohsiung Light Rail) and get off at Kaohsiung Exhibition Center Station or C8 高雄展覽館站.
Europe Pie Shop Map

What to Expect:

For over 25 years, I've cherished a unique bond with a quaint restaurant, Europe Pie Shop, where my journey began as a server. Located in the Sanduo shopping district, it's more than just an eatery; it's a trove of memories and enduring friendships.
Europe Pie Shop
The owners, now close friends, have created a warm, inviting atmosphere that resonates with every patron. Each dish served is a testament to their commitment to hearty, delicious cuisine, offering a comforting embrace with every bite.
Whenever I return to Kaohsiung, I will come here, order my favorite beef pie, and appreciate the sun coming through the big windows. This restaurant holds a special place in my heart, symbolizing a journey of growth, friendship, and the enduring delight of a meal made with love.
Europe Pie Shop
Europe Pie Shop is on the second floor.

About Europe Pie Shop:

Many years ago, a British couple settled in Yancheng District of Kaohsiung, longing for the tastes of home, and thus decided to open a shop infused with the flavors of their homeland from the UK. Thus, Europe Pie Shop was born, spreading its delectable pies from the first branch on Wufu 4th Road in the Yancheng District to the Sanduo store in the Lingya District.
Europe Pie Shop
During that time, European cousins were rare in Kaohsiung, and Europe Pie Shop attracted many early adaptors to embrace the foreign infusion.
Europe Pie Shop
This yacht model is a gifit from a customer.
In 1997, facing the fate of demolition due to the aging structure of the Wufu store, the Europe Pie Shop officially merged with the Sanduo and Wufu stores. They continued on Sanduo Road, preserving the taste of home the British couple brought across the seas.
If you visit Europe Pie Shop, mention you read Taiwan Hikes' post. The restaurant owners might have a little surprise for you.
Europe Pie Shop
My favorite window at Europe Pie Shop

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